Declarative sentences are simply statements that relay information. They are the most common type of sentences in the English language. A declarative sentence states the facts and lets the reader know something specific. It always ends with a period.
A declarative sentence is written in the present tense and expresses a direct statement. It can be simple or compound. A simple declarative sentence consists of a subject and a predicate.
Some examples of simple declarative sentences are:
A compound declarative sentence joins two related phrases together. The phrases are joined by a comma and a conjunction such as and, yet, or but. The phrases can also be joined by a semicolon, with or without a transition word such as however, besides or therefore. Some examples of compound declarative sentences are:
Declarative sentences are the basic building blocks of conversation and writing. To ask a question, make a command or an exclamation you would use a different type of sentence: interrogative, imperative or exclamatory. You can see the difference in these examples:
Interrogative sentences are questions asked in order to obtain information. They end in a question mark.
Interrogative: Did he eat lunch? Declarative: He ate lunch.
Imperative sentences can either end in a period or exclamation point. They are used to express commands or requests.
Imperative: Sit down! Declarative: She sits down.
Exclamatory sentences may have the same words as a declarative but the punctuation is different. The exclamation point gives the sentence more feeling.
Exclamatory: I'm tired! Declarative: I'm tired.
The following are more examples of declarative sentences. As you will see, all declaratives end in a period and are informative statements. They can also express an opinion.
Now we know that declarative sentences make a statement that simply gives the facts or an opinion and end in a period. They tell the reader what is going on in a direct way. Declarative sentences are the most common type of sentences and are found in most writing, from creative or business. When you want to get the facts across with little fanfare, you will use a declarative sentence.