The term romanticism refers to the period in history during which an artistic and philosophical movement changed the perceptions of people in the Western world. This period of time, often referred to as the Romantic Period, was from the 1770's into the second half of the eighteenth century and resulted in the creation of a multitude of significant and influential literature, music, art and philosophy.
The primary concepts explored during the Romantic Period included nature, myth, emotion, symbols, and ideas about the self and individualism.
Some examples of romanticism include:
- The publication "Lyrical Ballads" by Wordsworth and Coleridge
- The composition "Hymns to the Night" by Novalis
- Poetry by William Blake
- Casper David Friedrich's paintings: Morning in the Riesengebirge, Monastery Graveyard in the Snow, Wanderer above the Sea of Fog, Solitary Tree, Eldena Ruin, Man and Woman Contemplating the Moon
- Poetry by Robert Burns
- Rousseau's philosophical writings
- Joseph Mallord William Turner's paintings: Dido Building Carthage of The Rise of the Carthaginian Empire, Staffa, Fingal's Cave, The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons, The Grand Canal, Rain, Steam and Speed
- "Song of Myself" by Walt Whitman
- Beethoven's "Symphony No. 9"
- Jacques Louis David's paintings: Bonaparte Crossing the Alps, Cupid and Psyche
- Franz Schubert's "Symphony No. 5 in Flat B Major"
- John Constable's paintings: The Hay-Wain, The Leaping Horse
- Hector Berlioz's "Symphonie Fantastique"
- Chopin's "Waltz in D Flat"
- Eugene Delacroix's paintings: Dante and Virgil in Hell, Massacre at Chios, the Death of Sardanapalus, Liberty Guiding the People
- Verdi's "Rigoletto (Act III) La donna e mobile"
- The poetry of Samuel Taylor Coleridge
- The written works of William Wordsworth
- Poetry by Mary Tighe
- Philipp Otto Runge's painting The Morning
- Henry Wallis' "The Death of Chatterton"
- Novels by Johann Wolfgang von Goethre
- Works by German romantic writers such as Ludwicg Tieck, Heinrich von Kleist, Friedrich Holderlin, Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, Clemens Brentano, Achim von Arnim
- "Der Sandmann" by E.T.A. Hoffmann
- "Das Marmorbild" by Joseph Freiher von Eichendorff
- A collection of folktales titled "Des Knaben Wunderhorn"
- "Grimms' Fairy Tales" by the Brothers grimm
- Hans Christian Andersen's folk tales
- Mythology written by Jacob Grimm
- Poets such as John Keats, Percy Bysshe Shelley,William Black and John Clare
- "Rene," a novella by Francois-Rene de Chateaubriand
- Classics such as "The Three Musketeers," "The Count of Monte Cristo," and "The Hunchback of Notre-Dame"
- Poetry by Alfred de Musst, alphone de Lamartine, Gerard de Nerval, and Theophile Gautier
- George Sands novels and criticisms
- Novels by Stendhal such as "The Red and the Black" and "The Charterhouse of Parma"
- Written work by Konstantin Batyuskov, Vasily Zhukovsky, Nikolay Karamzin, Alexander Pushkin, Michael Lermontov, Eugene Onegin, Ruslan and Ludmila, Fyodor Tyutchev, Yevgeny Baratynsky, Anton Delvig, and Wilhelm Kuchelbecker
- Polish poetry by Zygmunt Krasinsi, Juliusz Slowacki and Adam Mickiewicz
- Spanish poetry by Mariano Jose de Larra and Gustavo Adolfo Becquer
- "Don Juan Tenorio" by Jose Zorrilla
- "Folhas Caidas" by Almeida Garett
If you read or encounter any of these materials, you will now know that they are examples of romanticism.