The term saturated solution is used in chemistry to define a solution in which no more solute can be dissolved in the solvent. It is understood that saturation of the solution has been achieved when any additional substance that is added results in a solid precipitate or is let off as a gas.
Understanding Saturated Solutions
There are many different factors that can affect whether something is a saturated solution. For example, saturation is affected by:
- The solution's temperature
- The solution's pressure
- Chemical makeup of substances involved
Ways to make a saturated solution include:
- Add solute to liquid until dissolving stops.
- Evaporate a solvent from a solution until the solute begins to crystallize or precipitate.
- Add seed crystals to a solution that is supersaturated.
Everyday Examples of Saturated
- Carbonated water is saturated with carbon, hence it gives off carbon through bubbles.
- Adding sugar to water until it no longer dissolves creates a saturated solution.
- Continuing to dissolve salt in water until it will no longer dissolve creates a saturated solution.
- The Earth's soil is saturated with nitrogen.
- Mixing powdered soap into water until it will not dissolve creates a saturated solution.
- In beer or sparkling juices there is a saturation of carbon dioxide that is let off as a gas.
- Coffee powder added to water can create a saturated solution.
- Salt added to vinegar can create a saturated solution when the salt no longer dissolves.
- Chocolate powder added to milk can create saturation at the point that no more powder can be added.
- Sugar dissolved into vinegar until it will no longer do so creates a saturate solution.
- Water can be saturated with juice powder to create a beverage.
- Milk can be saturated with flour at which point no more flour can be added to the milk.
- Melted butter can be saturated with salt when the salt will no longer dissolve.
- Bathing salts can saturate water when there is no more ability to dissolve them.
- Sugar can be added to milk to the point of saturation.
- Processed tea powders can be added to water to saturate the water.
- Protein powder could be used to create a saturated solution with milk, tea, or water.
- Laxative powders could saturate juice or water with which they are mixed.
- Cocoa powder could be mixed into water to the point of saturation.
- Sugar could be mixed into tea to the point that the tea is saturated.
- Coffee can be saturated with sugar when no more will mix in to the coffee.
Things that are insoluble in water cannot create the saturated solutions. For example, pepper and sand can not be dissolved in water and therefore cannot create a saturated solution.
However, now you have seen some examples of different ways that a saturated solution can be created and different kinds of saturated solutions.