The term wind erosion refers to the damage of land as a result of wind removing soil from an area. Most often, wind erosion occurs on flat land in dry or sandy areas. For example:
Wind erosion can happen anywhere and any time the wind blows. Wind erosion can occur in any area where the soil or sand is not compacted or is of a finely granulated nature.
Not only does wind erosion damage the land by drying out soil and reducing the nutrients of the land, it can also cause air pollution. Enveloping crops, covering highways, and invading homes, the sand, dust, and dirt created from wind erosion can impact plant and human life in numerous ways.
Wind erosion can result in a variety of types of movement of the soil. These three types different types include suspension, creep, and saltation.
Wind erosion can cause any of these different types of soil movement, resulting in erosion of the land.
Another way of considering wind erosion types is to consider deflation and abrasion.
When the wind moves lose soil and dirt particles, this would be an example of deflation. When airborne particles cause land mass to wear away or erode, on the other hand, this is an example of abrasion.
Proper crop placement, dealing appropriately with crop residues, and effective planting can all lower the impact of wind erosion. The USDA-Agricultural Research Services and other agencies have created means to protect against wind erosion.
- First, the trees can reduce the amount of wind able to reach the soil.
- Second, the shade reduces evapotranspiration, meaning the soil can retain moisture.
Now you have seen lots of different examples of wind erosion and you can better recognize this phenomenon when it occurs.
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