The term non sequitur refers to a conclusion that is not aligned with previous premises or evidence. A statement that is labeled as non sequitur is one that is not logical. This is considered a fallacy.
Understanding Non Sequiturs
Non sequitur statements make a leap that does not make sense or follow logic.
Some examples of non sequitur arguments include:
- The school in which my child goes to school is big. The classroom must be big.
- She drives a BMW. She must be rich.
- Greenhouse gasses contribute to global warming. Humans contribute to greenhouse gas production. Humans are solely to blame for global warming.
- She's wearing red shoes. Her favorite color must be red.
- I read about a pitbull attack. My neighbor owns a pitbull. My life is in danger.
- Guns have been used to attack and kill people. All guns are used as weapons against innocent individuals.
- I had a crazy music teacher in elementary school. Music teachers are all pretty crazy.
- When it is sunny, I see my neighbor walk his dog. He must only walk the dog when it is sunny.
- I do not make much money and am unhappy. People who are rich are happy.
- He went to the same college as Bill Gates. He should be famous too.
- There is a lot of violent crime in Chicago. You will likely be shot if you move there.
- My neighbor's cat is aloof and mean. Cats are nasty creatures.
- I dated a man who was an accountant and all he talked about was work. Accountants are boring people.
- He was arrested for a DUI ten years ago. He is definitely an alcoholic.
- The one time I had eggplant at the Italian restaurant I went to, it was disgusting. All eggplant is soggy and bitter.
- My car made by XYZ manufacturer broke down after 4 years. That manufacturer produces only poor quality vehicles.
- I got into a car accident on a rainy day. I don't think anyone should drive in the rain.
- Wood for furniture comes from trees. Trees should not be cut down. Therefore, no new furniture should be produced.
- Diamonds that come from Africa are often retrieved under dire circumstances in poor working conditions. You should never buy diamonds.
- My friend had a problem with her computer from ABC company. All of their products are poorly made.
- The woman my brother married was a heartless woman. She was from New York. New Yorkers are terrible people.
- I got sick after eating at the sushi restaurant. It is the one sushi restaurant not operated by Asian individuals. You should never eat at a sushi restaurant not run by Asians.
- The lottery winner hit the jackpot when he bought tickets from three different stores. The strategy for winning is to buy from a variety of locations.
- I lived in a house without a basement. That house flooded. Houses without basements will definitely flood.
Now you see how non sequiturs work and you can understand why the conclusions that are drawn often do not follow logically from the facts or are not guaranteed to be true.