The main difference between a fruit and a vegetable is what part of the plant it comes from. You may be surprised to learn that some fruits you love are actually vegetables, and some vegetables are actually fruits according to science.
Some fruits produce only one seed, like an avocado or cherry. Other fruits produce hundreds of seeds, like a tomato or banana. Nuts that are in their shells, such as acorns or almonds, are considered fruits as are the cereal grains. Some spices, like vanilla bean, are also fruits.
Scientists don’t have a precise definition of the word vegetable, but the basic definition is “the edible root, tuber, leaf, stem, seed or flower of a plant”. Vegetables are any edible part of a plant that isn’t the fruit.
If people somewhere in the world commonly eat a part of a plant, and it doesn’t qualify as a fruit, it’s a vegetable. Some definitions classify a vegetable as any plant part that is edible, which means even the fruit is technically a vegetable.
Based on these definitions, the difference between a fruit and a vegetable is technically that a fruit is a type of vegetable. In scientific usage, the difference is that a fruit is specifically the mature ovary of a flowering plant while a vegetable is any other edible part of the plant.
Fruits and vegetables do have some things in common. They are both foods people eat that come from plants. Fruits or vegetables can have a sweet taste or a savory taste.
Use this list of fruits and vegetables to see how science classifies these foods.
Classifying fruits and vegetables isn’t an exact science, even for scientists. Discover the difference between fruits and vegetables for yourself by dissecting and eating several of them like vegans and vegetarians do.