Compound words and compound sentences are an easy way to add interest to your writing. By combining two ideas in one word or sentence, you can quickly provide all the information needed in your communication. These examples of compounds will show you how it's done.
A compound word is formed when two words are combined to make a new word. It is one of the ways in which the English language is flexible and always changing, as compound words allow people to create new words as the need arises.
There are three types of compound words: closed form, open form, and hyphenated.
Closed compound words are formed when two fully independent, unique words are combined to create a new word. These are the most common types of compound word. For example:
Open compound words are formed when two words remain separate on the page but are used together to create a new idea with a specific meaning. For example:
Hyphenated compound words are formed with two separate words are joined together by a hyphen. For example:
Note that hyphenated compound words are most commonly used when the words being joined together are combined to form an adjective before a noun. For example:
However, these hyphenated compound words become open compounds when they are placed after the word they describe. For example:
A compound sentence is formed by joining two simple sentences - also known as independent clauses. The clauses are connected either by a coordinating conjunction, a correlative conjunction, or a semicolon.
Coordinating conjunctions are for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so (known by the acronym FANBOYS). When they are used to join two complete sentences together, you must use a comma before the conjunction. For example:
Similarly, correlatives work the same way to join two independent clauses, but they come in pairs like either-or, neither-nor, and not only-but also. They also require a comma before the second conjunction in the pair. For example:
Finally, some compound sentences are simply joined by a semicolon. You can use conjunctive adverbs such as however, besides, and therefore after the semicolon to soften the transition. For example:
By adding compound words or compound sentences to your writing, you can make your ideas more interesting and more descriptive for the reader. The addition of too many compounds can be messy, especially hyphenated compound words; so, be sure to use compound words and sentences wisely. Like any seasoning, they are best sprinkled throughout your writing instead of used in every line.
Comment below with your own examples.