A consonant blend is made up of consonants found next to each other in a word where you say the sound each makes as you pronounce the word. Take a look at some consonant blend examples and consonant blend lists to help you understand this basic phonics concept.
Examples of Consonant Blends
What Are Consonant Blends?
Consonant blends can be two letters or three letters long. Three-letter consonant blends are sometimes called consonant clusters or triple consonant blends. You can find a consonant blend at the beginning or end of a word.
The English language is constructed of many different sounds made from different kinds of letters like vowels, consonants, long vowels, and short vowels. Sometimes, sounds blend together as is the case with consonant blends.
Did you know that even though the English language only has 26 letters, it actually has somewhere around 44 unique sounds? These are called phonemes. You've got the "s" sound in "set" that is also produced with the letter “c” in the word "race."
Consonant Blend Explanation Example
Let's look at the word "drink." Both the letters "d" and "r" are consonants, and they are directly next to each other at the beginning of the word. When the word "drink" is pronounced, you can clearly hear the sounds of both of these letters, making it a consonant blend.
Two-Letter L-Blend Examples
When the second letter in a two-letter consonant blend is and L, it’s called an l-blend.
- bl - blend, bland, blue, black, blanket, bleach, blood, blast, blatant, blame
- cl - click, clam, clean, claim, class, clap, clay, close, clash, clothes, climb, cling
- fl - flat, flower, flame, flimsy, flute, fling, float, fluffy, flit
- gl - glad, glamor, glasses, glass, glaze, glee, glitter, globe, glove, glue
- pl - place, plan, play, plant, please, plenty, plus, plywood, plate, plum, plumber
- sl - Slick, slack, sleigh, sleeve, sleek, sled, slot, slice, slim, slime, slow, slot, sleep
Two-Letter R-Blend Examples
When the second letter in a two-letter consonant blend is an R, it’s called an r-blend.
- br - brain, brown, bright, brim, broke, broom
- cr - crab, crumb, crib, cry, crank, crow, crew, crazy, create, credit, creature
- dr - draw, dream, drain, dress, drone, drink, drag, dragon, drop, drawer, dry
- fr - from, freezer, free, freedom, frozen, frighten, friend, fruit, freak
- gr - grade, great, grocery, grueling, grape, grass, grandparent, grapefruit, grease
- pr - practice, prove, pretzel, prevent, private, press, price, pride, promise
- tr - truck, try, trust, tray, tree, trail, train, track, traffic, trade, trash, travel, treat
Two-Letter S-Blend and T-Blend Examples
When the first letter in a two-letter consonant blend is an S, it’s an s-blend, and when it’s a T, it’s called a t-blend.
- sc - school, scribble, scale, score, scrap, scratch, schedule
- sk - skunk, skate, skinny, skeleton, ski, skill, skin, sketch, sky, ask, mask
- sm - small, smart, smear, smash, smell, smitten, smog, smock, schism
- sn - snack, snail, snare, sneak, snore, snake, snob, snow, sneeze, snap
- sp - space, spot, splash, speak, spend, splurge, sport, special, wasp, clasp
- st - stair, step, stop, stare, store, stage, story, steak, stand, star, list, last
- sw - sweet, swan, sworn, swallow, sweat, swing, swim, swamp, sweater, swollen
- tw - twinkle, tweet, tweezer, twelve, twice, twenty, twirl, twist, twine
Three-Letter Consonant Blend Examples
These consonant blends are made up of three consonants that aren’t separated by any vowels, but you still say the sound of each letter when you pronounce the words they’re in.
- scr - scrape, scrap, scream, screech
- spl - splash, spleen, splendid, splint
- spr - sprain, spray, sprint
- str - strain, strap, strobe, streak
Consonant Blends vs. Consonant Digraphs and Trigraphs
When two consonants together make a single distinct sound, it is called a "consonant digraph." A good example of that is "sh," which makes a sound quite different from the "s" or the "h” on their own. When three consonants are combined to form a sound it is called a "consonant trigraph."
Learn to Blend
Many of these consonant blends probably look familiar to you since we all use words with them on a daily basis. Part of understanding how words sound in English is learning to use or recognize consonant blends. As a fun consonant blend activity, see if you can make your own consonant blend sentences by using as many l-blends, r-blends, s-blends, or t-blends as you can in one sentence.