A dependent clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. It does not express a complete thought so it is not a sentence and can't stand alone. These clauses include adverb clauses, adjective clauses and noun clauses.
Examples of Dependent Clauses
Adverb clauses modify verbs and begin with subordinating conjunctions. Here are examples of dependent clauses that are adverb clauses:
When the president arrives
Because I can't wait for the bus
As if he knew what was going to happen
Than his sister can
If you can work on Sundays
Until the sun sets
While flowers continue to bloom
Whenever you come to visit
Since I don't have enough money
Although I had never considered it
Unless you have the right size
As the lights were dimming
No matter how you look at it
How he got elected
Before the food gets cold
Supposing that she really wanted to go
Adjective clauses modify nouns and usually begin with a relative pronoun and sometimes with a subordinating conjunction. Here are examples of dependent clauses that are adjective clauses:
That I sold him
Which is located in Italy
Who is intelligent
Whom we met after the movie
Whose writing is always intriguing
When the leaves turn colors and fall
Where I went to elementary school
Why the movie was a flop
That was a bestseller
Who live by the ocean
Noun clauses name a person, place, thing or idea. Since it acts as a noun, it can be a subject, object, a subject complement, an object complement or an appositive. Here are examples of dependent clauses that are noun clauses:
Why she said that
Whomever you like
How they would get there
Who let the cat out of the bag
What she anticipated
Whatever makes you happy
That you are listening
Whether he can drive that far
If the dress is on sale
Whoever shows up on time
Dependent Clauses in Sentences
What the girl did was not very helpful.
He finally finished his novel, after months of research.
The trophy goes to whoever wins the race.
While I was asleep, the cat knocked over the plant.
A helium nucleus has two protons, whereas hydrogen has only one.
Where is the ice cream that was in the freezer?
After Mike sneezed all over the hamburger patties, no one wanted to eat.
The town where I was born is on the east coast.
I can't figure out why she said that.
We will do whatever is necessary.
The author, whom I met at the book signing, was very cordial.
Nero fiddled while Rome burned.
You may play outside until the street lights come on.
That cat that you found belongs to the Smiths.
Whenever I go to Greece, I will visit Santorini
Since no one else volunteered, the job is yours.
If you can give me two reasons, I will allow it.Cat knocked over the plant as examples of dependent clauses