The term judicial powers refers to the power of the Judicial Branch of the United States government to hear cases and interpret, enforce or nullify laws and statutes in order to render verdicts.
Judicial powers can fall into several different categories. Here are some examples of judicial powers:
Judicial powers are subject to certain limited constraints including:
Courts are allowed to exercise judicial power in order to change or nullify laws that are not in line with others (such as state laws vs. federal laws or international laws) or if laws are not in line with the constitution. The Supreme Court is always considered the highest court in the United States of America. It is up to the Supreme Court to be able to sufficiently and effectively interpret constitutional law in the United States.
Judicial power can be used in many ways including these examples of judicial power:
The Supreme Court has the greatest power because it is not bound by any higher court's precedent. While the Supreme Court of the U.S. should, and does, respect decisions made by prior cases they have heard, the Supreme Court can change precedent within the bounds of the Constitution.