Literary terms are devices used to make writing better. These help the writer tell a story or make a point.
Alliteration is a literary term that means two or more words in a row that all start with the same sounds. For example:
Hyperbole is a literary term that refers to an exaggeration. Examples are:
It covered the floor.
It blocked the door.
It went down the hall.
It raised the roof - Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout Would Not Take The Garbage Out by Shel Silverstein
Of a skyscraper so tall they had to put hinges
On the two top stories so to let the moon go by - Yarns of the People by Carl Sandburg
Seventeen times as high as the moon; - The Old Woman Tossed Up in a Blanket by Walter Crane
Was so long that it reached to her toes;
So she hired an Old Lady,
Whose conduct was steady,
To carry that wonderful nose. - Book of Nonsense Limerick 41 by Edward Lear
Metaphor is a literary term for comparing two things directly. Examples are:
Round the bright air with footing true,
To please the child, to paint the rose,
The gardener of the World, he goes. - Summer Sun by Robert Louis Stevenson
and the milky smooth brown in a chocolate bar
I am the midnight blue in a licorice stick
and the golden brown in sugar - Shades of Black: A Celebration of Our Children by Sandra L. Pinkney and Myles C. Pinkney,
circling, circling way up high-
wind is whistling through your wings.
You're a graceful kite with no string. - Creatures from Earth, Sea, and Sky: Poems by Georgia Heard and Jennifer Owings Dewey
Let the rain beat upon your head with silver liquid drops
Let the rain sing you a lullaby
The rain makes still pools on the sidewalk
The rain makes running pools in the gutter
The rain plays a little sleep song on our roof at night
And I love the rain. - April Rain Song by Langston Hughes
Onomatopoeia is a literary term used when a word imitates the sound it is describing. Examples are:
Whisity whisity whisity whirr - Our Washing Machine by Patricia Hubbell
Mew, mew says the cat,
Grunt, grunt, goes the hog,
And squeak goes the rat. - Animals by Mother Goose
Pop mops slop! - Song of the Pop-Bottlers by Morris Bishop
Make splishes and sploshes
And slooshes and sloshes
As Susie steps slowly along in the slush. - Galoshes by Rhonda Bacmeister
Personification is a literary term for giving human attributes to objects or animals. Examples are:
The cat and the fiddle,
The cow jumped over the moon;
The little dog laughed
To see such sport,
And the dish ran away with the spoon. - Mother Goose
But he thinks he'd like to be a Hippopotamus...
Oh, it wouldn't be so bad if he was certified as mad
But he's not... he holds a normal conversation - A Cat Named Jo by Leighton B Watts
I wait for the time, I wait for the chance! - My Dinner Loves Dancing by L. John Riley Jr.