The term "logic" refers to the science that studies the principles of correct reasoning. Logic requires the act of reasoning by humans in order to form thoughts and opinions, as well as classifications and judgments. The foundation of a logical argument is its proposition, or statement. The proposition is either accurate (true) or not accurate (false). The argument is then built on premises. The premises are the propositions used to build the argument. Then an inference is made from the premises. Finally, a conclusion is drawn.
As these examples show, you can use logic to solve problems and to draw conclusions. Sometimes those conclusions are correct conclusions and sometimes they are inaccurate. When you use deductive reasoning, you arrive at correct logical arguments while inductive reasoning may or may not provide you with a correct outcome.