Sentences would be pretty dull without modifiers to provide excitement and intrigue. Thanks to modifiers, words like "the bird" become "the soaring bird." Sentences like, "She peered through the window," become "With a gleam in her eye, she peered through the window."
Modifiers dress up otherwise plain sentiments. However, it's important for modifiers to stick close to the word or words they're modifying. When they stray too far, they become misplaced modifiers. And, the further away they get, the more it looks like they're modifying something else entirely.
Let's dive right in to some examples of misplaced modifiers and talk about why these examples don't work.