The term speciation, which was first coined by biologist Orator F. Cook, refers to the process of evolution through which new species arise. In nature there are four different means of speciation: allopatric, parapatric, sympatric, and peripatric.
It is very important to understand the types of natural speciation to understand how it occurs. For example:
Each of these different types of speciation is an important part of the process of evolution.
You can see a lot of different examples of speciation in nature. Some of these different examples include:
Speciation can be natural and can occur as a normal part of the evolutionary process. Artificial speciation is also possible and can be created by laboratory experiments or through agriculture and animal husbandry. Fruit flies are a primary example of artificial speciation. Another well-known example is domestic sheep.
It is important to note that speciation occurs when there is a new species, not just a new sub-species. For example, many pet owners are excited to own dogs that have been bred together to create a new breed. The new breed is not considered a new species. The reason for this is that the new breed is still able to reproduce with the other breed.
A new species is not able to reproduce with members of the original population. A similar example, in plant form, are brussel sprouts, collards and kohlrabi. They are all plants that are part of the same species Brassica oleracea, the species to which cabbage and broccoli also belong.
So, now you better understand what speciation is - and is not - and you can see examples of speciation in nature to better understand evolution.