Ideology is a set of shared beliefs within a group, such as a nation or social class. This body of beliefs influence the way individuals think, act, and view the world.
Common Ideology Examples
Here are some examples:
- Political parties embody a range of ideals covering government, economics, education, healthcare, foreign policy, and more. Some examples are Republican, Democrat, Libertarian, and the Green Party.
- Classical liberalism is a capitalistic ideology which stands for a limited government with political freedom, civil liberties and laissez-faire economic policies.
- Social or modern liberalism is liberalism which focuses on social and economic issues while ensuring individual freedom.
- Social democracy advocates a peaceful change from capitalism to socialism with a representative democracy including collective bargaining and public services.
- Neo-liberalism embodies free trade, privatization, deregulation and laissez-faire economic policies.
- Bolshevism was primarily workers that wanted to establish a dictatorship of the proletariat, the working class.
- Marxism is socialism with the goal of a classless society. Principles include the class struggle, a labor theory of value and a proletariat dictatorship.
- Leninism focused on a proletariat dictatorship based on Lenin's theories of government.
- Communism promotes collective ownership of property with one political party controlling social and economic policy.
- Trotskyism advocated a revolution of the working class bringing freedom and democracy.
- Stalinism is an authoritarian ideology with one person having all the power. In Stalinism, political and ideological dissidents are strongly suppressed.
- Maoism emphasizes the revolutionary power of the peasants and was the interpretation of Marxist and Lenin theories by Mao Zedong.
Cultural and Social Ideologies
Here are some examples:
- Concentration on the environment and green practices has led to an ecological ideology including green economics.
- Racism places the blame for certain social conditions on one or more races of people. This can lead to division among races and racial prejudice and discrimination.
- Feminism advocates equality for women economically, socially and politically. It also deals with the rights of women, including reproductive rights.
- Gender ideology is concerned with the attitudes of men and women on their place in society, their rights and responsibilities.
- Individualism deals with inherent worth of each individual and focuses on self-sufficiency and freedom.
- Anti-intellectualism includes the attitudes of people who let the government tell them how to view the world rather than become informed themselves of the government's policies. This gives the government more control since the people believe its propaganda.
- Equality of opportunity is an ideology that wishes to eliminate discrimination that is based on age, gender, color, race, national origin, religion, and disabilities that include physical and mental disabilities.
- Work ethic is a set of beliefs that focus on the moral virtue of work and they way work can lead to a stronger character.
- Religions are all ideologies and within each one is a variation of beliefs. Some believers strictly follow all the tenets while others are more liberal and choose the ones they feel are more important.
- Common sense ideologies are based on locale. People in a rural or wilderness area will share certain beliefs about safety and protection from animals. In urban areas, people learn to cross streets safely.
So, now you have examples of different ideologies. Think about some of your own beliefs and principles to determine your personal ideologies.