A preposition is an important part of the English language. It is used to show a relationship between the noun and pronoun in a sentence. A preposition must always be followed by a noun or pronoun in a sentence. It can never be followed by a verb. There are many examples of prepositions that will make it easy to understand how the parts of a sentence fit together and how the rules apply when it comes to using a preposition in a sentence.
Examples of Prepositions
There are five different types of prepositions:
- Simple prepositions
- Double prepositions
- Compound prepositions
- Participle prepositions
- Phrase prepositions
Simple prepositions are words like at, for, in, off, on, over, and under. These common prepositions can be used to describe a location, a time or place.
Some examples of common prepositions used in sentences are:
- He sat on the chair.
- There is some milk in the fridge.
- She was hiding under the table.
- The cat jumped off the counter.
- He drove over the bridge.
- She lost her ring at the beach.
- The book belongs to Anthony.
- They were sitting by the tree.
- We are running in the gym today.
- The sun is above the clouds.
- She lives near her workplace.
- He goes to work by train.
- She drew the picture with a crayon.
- He swam at the lake.
- I walked down the street.
- We located the key for the door.
- She drove to the store.
- The car went through the tunnel.
- I got a package from a friend.
- I have liked that song since 1999.
- She put the flowers by the window.
- The food was placed on the table.
Double prepositions are two simple prepositions used together. Some examples are into, upon, onto, out of, from within.
- Once upon a time, there was a beautiful princess.
- The baby climbed onto the table.
- It is up to us to find the answer.
- The loud noise came from within the stadium.
- She never leaves without her phone.
- The bird sat atop the oak tree.
- The caterpillar turned into a butterfly.
- I was unable to get out of the appointment.
Compound prepositions are similar to double prepositions but are generally created by prefixing a preposition to a noun, adjective or adverb. Some examples are about, across, among, beside, before, above, along, inside, between, around, behind, below, beneath.
- She sat beside Marie.
- I attended a quick meeting before leaving for the day.
- A terrible storm raged across the mountains.
- My dog ran along the track with me.
- He found a penny beneath the couch.
- He was between jobs at the moment.
- My car is parked behind the store.
- There was a tunnel running underneath the city.
Participle (or participial) prepositions have endings such as -ed and -ing. Examples are words such as considering, pending, concerning, provided.
- She is interested in anything concerning horses.
- He works one job during the day and another at night.
- The dog kept following him home.
- All the neighbors were there including the new one.
- The principal was asking questions regarding her behavior.
- Considering his age, he did a great job.
- He was frustrated at the situation.
- The teacher said no talking during class.
Phrase prepositions include a preposition, an object and the object's modifier. Examples include phrases like because of, by means of, with regard to, and on behalf of.
- I am attending the conference on behalf of my boss and colleagues.
- The baseball game was cancelled because of the rain.
- On account of the snow, our plane was delyed.
- For the sake of the children, do not use that language!
- He succeeded by means of determination.
- We did not win in spite of practicing hard.
- She plays ball as well as the boys.
- In accordance with his request, his funeral will be private.
Prepositions are words that show relationships. A sentence would not make sense without the use of a preposition. There are different types of prepositions used in the English language that not only add detail but make a sentence complete. Prepositions are used to show location, time, direction, cause and possession.