Preposition Examples

A preposition is an important part of the English language. It is used to show a relationship between a noun or pronoun in a sentence and another word in the sentence. A preposition must always be followed by a noun or pronoun in a sentence. It can never be followed by a verb.

There are many preposition examples that will make it easy to understand how the parts of a sentence fit together and how the rules apply when it comes to using a preposition in a sentence.

kitten on suitcase kitten on suitcase

Examples of Prepositions

There are five different types of prepositions:

  • Simple prepositions
  • Double prepositions
  • Compound prepositions
  • Participle prepositions
  • Phrase prepositions

Simple Prepositions

Simple prepositions are words like at, for, in, off, on, over, and under. These common prepositions can be used to describe a location, time or place.

Some examples of common prepositions used in sentences are:

  • He sat on the chair.
  • There is some milk in the fridge.
  • She was hiding under the table.
  • The cat jumped off the counter.
  • He drove over the bridge.
  • She lost her ring at the beach.
  • The book belongs to Anthony.
  • They were sitting by the tree.
  • We are running in the gym today.
  • The sun is above the clouds.
  • She lives near her workplace.
  • She drew the picture with a crayon.
  • He swam at the lake.
  • I walked down the street.
  • We located the key for the lock.
  • The car went through the tunnel.
  • I got a package from a friend.
  • I have liked that song since 1999.
  • She put the flowers by the window.
  • The food was placed on the table.

Double Prepositions

Double prepositions are two simple prepositions used together, often indicating direction. Some examples are into, upon, onto, out of, from within.

  • Once upon a time, there was a beautiful princess.
  • The baby climbed onto the table.
  • It is up to us to find the answer.
  • The loud noise came from within the stadium.
  • She never leaves without her phone.
  • The bird sat atop the oak tree.
  • The caterpillar turned into a butterfly.
  • I was unable to get out of the appointment.

Compound Prepositions

Compound prepositions (or complex prepositions) consist of two or more words, usually a simple preposition and another word, to convey location. Some examples are in addition to, on behalf of, and in the middle of.

  • She sat across from Marie.
  • I attended the meeting on behalf of my company.
  • We were in the middle of the storm.
  • He has gym class in addition to his regular classes today.
  • He picked up the penny from beneath the couch.
  • Aside from singing, she also plays the piano at the bar.
  • My car is parked in front of the mailbox.
  • The weather will be good this weekend according to Tom.

Participle Prepositions

Participle prepositions have endings such as -ed and -ing. Examples are words such as considering, during, concerning, provided.

  • She is interested in anything concerning horses.
  • He works one job during the day and another at night.
  • The dog kept following him home.
  • All the neighbors were there including the new one.
  • The principal was asking questions regarding her behavior.
  • Considering his age, he did a great job.
  • He was frustrated at the situation.
  • The teacher said no talking during class.

Phrase Prepositions

Phrase prepositions (or prepositional phrases) include a preposition, an object, and the object's modifier. Examples include phrases like on time, at home, before class, and on the floor.

  • I will get to the conference on time.
  • The baseball game was canceled after the heavy rain.
  • John found his homework under the bed.
  • The children loved the gifts from their grandparents.
  • He succeeded with a little help.
  • We met to discuss the project before class.
  • She left muddy footprints on the clean floor.
  • According to his wishes, his funeral will be private.

Using Prepositions

Prepositions are words that show relationships. A sentence would not make sense without the use of a preposition. There are different types of prepositions used in the English language that not only add detail but make a sentence complete. Prepositions are used to show location, time, direction, cause and possession.